Garageband

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http://www.apple.com/support/garageband/


GarageBand Window

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A Track headers: The instrument icon and name are shown at the left of each track’s header. Click the name to type a new track name. Click the Record Enable button (with the red circle) to turn

vel meters to see the track’s volume level as you record and play.

C Timeline: Contains the tracks where you record Real and Software Instruments, add loops, and arrange regions. Also includes the beat ruler, which you use to move the playhead and align items in the timeline with beats and measures. See “Timeline” on page 14 for a description of the features and controls in the timeline.

D Zoom slider: Drag the zoom slider to zoom in for a closer view of part of the timeline, or to 'zoom out to see more of the timeline.


E Add Track button: Click to add a track below the existing tracks in the timeline.

F Loop Browser and Editor buttons: Click to open the loop browser or the editor.

G Transport controls: Click the Record button to start recording. Click the Play button to start or stop the project playing. Click the Go to Beginning, Rewind, or Fast Forward buttons to move the playhead to different parts of the project. Click the Cycle button to turn the cycle region on or off.

H Time display/instrument tuner: The time display shows the playhead’s position in musical time (measures, beats, ticks) or absolute time (hours, minutes, seconds, fractions). Drag or double-click the numerals to enter a new playhead position. The right side of the time display shows the project’s tempo. Press and hold the tempo, then drag the slider to set a new tempo. You can also show the instrument tuner in the time display by clicking the small tuning fork, and use it to check the tuning of a Real Instrument connected to your computer.

I Master volume slider and level meters: Drag the volume slider to adjust the project’s master output volume level. Watch the level meters to see if clipping is occurring before you export a project.

JTrack Info and Media Browser buttons: Click to open the Track Info pane or the Media Browser.


Timeline The timeline contains the tracks where you record Real and Software Instruments, add loops, and arrange regions. Image-Software-GarageBand-Fig-2.png

A Beat ruler: Shows beats and measures, the units of musical time in the timeline. You can click the beat ruler to move the playhead to a specific point in the timeline.

B Tracks: You record Real and Software Instruments in tracks, and drag loops to tracks to add them to a project. You arrange the project by working with regions in the tracks in the timeline.

C Playhead: Shows the point in the project currently playing, or the point where playback starts when you click the Play button. Also shows where cut and copied items are pasted in the timeline. You can move the playhead to change what part of the project is playing.

D Grid button: Choose a note value for the timeline grid, or choose Automatic to have the value change when you zoom in or out.

E Volume and pan curves: Add a volume or pan curve to a track, then add and adjust control points on the volume or pan curve to add dynamic changes to different parts of a project.

F Regions: When you record a Real Instrument or Software Instrument, or add a loop, you create a region in the timeline. You can cut, copy, and paste regions, loop and resize them, move and transpose them, and make other changes to build the arrangement of the project.

G Master track: You can change the loudness of the overall project by adding a volume curve to the master track. and transpose parts of your project to a different key by adding a pitch curve.

H Playhead Lock button: Click to unlock the playheads in the timeline and the editor, so that you can see different parts of the project in the editor and the timeline.

I Scroll bars: Drag the horizontal scroller to move to a different part of a project. Drag the vertical scroller to see tracks not currently visible.


Editor The editor is like a microscope showing a close-up view of part of a track. You can edit Real and Software Instrument regions in a variety of ways in the editor.

For Real Instruments When you select a Real Instrument track, the editor shows the waveform of the track or selected region. You can move, crop, join, transpose, and rename regions in the editor.

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A Region Name field: Type a new name for the selected region in the field.

B Region Pitch slider and field: Drag the slider to transpose the selected Real Instrument region up or down by up to 12 semitones. You can also type the number of semitones in the field.

C Zoom slider: Drag to zoom in for a closer view or to zoom out to see more of the track or selected region. Zooming in the editor is independent of the timeline.

D Beat ruler: Shows beats and measures for the area visible in the editor.

E Playhead: Shows the point in the project currently playing.

F Waveform display: Shows the waveform of the regions in the track.

G Enhance Tuning slider and checkbox: Drag right to increase the amount of tuning enhancement, or drag left to lower the amount. The limit to key checkbox limits tuning enhancement to the project’s key.

H Enhance Timing slider and pop-up menu: Drag right to increase the amount of timing enhancement, or drag left to lower the amount. Choose the note value to use and the basis for timing enhancement from the pop-up menu.

I Scroll bar: Drag the scroller to move to a different part of the track.


For Software Instruments—Graphic View

When you select a Software Instrument track, the editor shows a graphic display of the track or selected region. You can edit individual notes in Software Instrument regions, fix the timing of notes, and transpose and rename regions. You can also show and edit controller data for pitch bend, a modulation wheel, or a sustain pedal, recorded when you play your music keyboard.

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A Region Name field: Type a new name for the selected region in the field.

B Region Pitch slider and field: Drag the slider to transpose the selected Software Instrument region up or down by up to 36 semitones. You can also type the number of semitones in the field.

C Velocity slider and field: Drag the slider to change the velocity of selected notes. You can also type the velocity value in the field. A note’s velocity reflects how hard the key is pressed when you play the note.

D Zoom slider: Drag to zoom in for a closer view or to zoom out to see more of the track.

E Graphic/Notation View buttons: Click to change the editor to graphic view or notation view.

F Display pop-up menu: Choose whether to show notes or controller data in the editor.

G Fix Timing button: Click to fix the timing of notes in the selected region, or notes selected in the editor, so that notes move to the nearest grid position.

H Beat ruler: Shows beats and measures for the area visible in the editor.

I Playhead: Shows the point in the project currently playing.

J Notes/controller data display: Shows the individual notes of Software Instrument regions in a graphic format. You can move and resize notes to adjust their pitch, where they start playing, and how long they play. Shows controller data when chosen in the Display pop-up menu.

K Scroll bar: Drag the scroller to move to a different part of a track.


For Software Instruments—Notation View

You can also view Software Instrument tracks and regions in notation view. In notation view, notes and other musical events are shown in standard music notation. You can edit notes and edit controller information (including velocity and pedal markings for sustain) in notation view.


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A Region Name field: Type a new name for the selected region in the field.

B Region Pitch slider and field: Drag the slider to transpose the selected Software Instrument region up or down by up to 36 semitones. You can also type the number of semitones in the field.

C Velocity slider and field: Drag the slider to change the velocity of selected notes. You can also type the velocity value in the field. A note’s velocity reflects how hard the key is pressed when you play the note. D Zoom slider: Drag to zoom in for a closer view or to zoom out to see more of the track.

E Graphic/Notation View buttons: Click to change the editor to graphic view or notation view.

F Note Value button: Click to choose the note value for notes you add.

G Fix Timing button: Click to fix the timing of notes in the selected region, or notes selected in the editor, so that notes move to the nearest grid position.

H Beat ruler: Shows beats and measures for the area visible in the editor. I Playhead: Shows the point in the project currently playing. J Notation display: Shows the musical events of Software Instrument regions in standard music notation. You can move notes to adjust their pitch and where they start playing, and change how long they play. K Scroll bar: Drag the scroller to move to a different part of a track



For Podcasts and Video—Marker View

When you are working on a podcast episode, you can view and edit markers in the editor. In the marker list you can edit each marker’s time position, marker region artwork, URL, URL title, and chapter title. You can also add episode artwork in the editor.

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A Episode Artwork well: Drag artwork here to represent the podcast. (Appears only when creating a podcast.)

B Marks a Chapter checkbox: Shows whether the selected marker marks a chapter. Displays Artwork checkbox: Shows whether the selected marker contains marker region artwork. (Appears only when creating a podcast.) Displays URL checkbox: Shows whether the selected marker has a URL.

C Add Marker button: Add a marker at the playhead position. D Marker list: Shows each marker’s start time, artwork (for podcasts) or video frame (for videos), chapter title, URL, and URL title.

E Time column: Shows the start time for each marker.

F Artwork column: Shows the artwork for each marker region. Add artwork by dragging image files from the Media Browser. (Appears only when creating a podcast.) Still Frame column: Shows the video frame at the position of each marker. (Appears only when working with a video.)

G Chapter Title column: Shows the title of each chapter marker. Click and type a title for a marker.

H URL Title column: Shows the title of each marker region’s URL. Click and type a title for the URL.

I URL column: Shows the URL for each marker region. Type a URL (address) for the website for which you want to show a link.


Loop Browser The loop browser lets you quickly find loops to add to your projects. You can find loops using keywords for instrument, musical genre, or mood. You can also perform text searches, and refine your results in several ways. The loop browser shows the tempo, key, and number of beats for each matching loop. You can preview loops in the loop browser before you add them to a project, and add more loops to GarageBand by dragging them onto the loop browser. The loop browser gives you two ways to find loops: button view and column view.

Button View In button view, the loop browser contains a set of keyword buttons. Click a button to show matching loops in the results list. Clicking multiple buttons narrows the results to those loops that match all of the selected keywords.

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A Keyword buttons: Click a keyword button to display matching loops in the results list. You can click multiple keyword buttons to narrow your results.

B View buttons: Click one of the buttons to show column view, button view, or podcast sounds view.

C Scale pop-up menu: Choose a scale type to see only loops using that musical scale.

D Search field: Type text in the field to see loops with the text in their file name or path.

E Preview volume slider: Drag the slider to adjust the volume of the loop being previewed.

F Results list: Shows loops that match the selected keywords. Also displays the tempo, key, and number of beats for each loop. Click a loop in the results list to preview it. Click the Favs checkbox for a loop to add it to your favorites.

G Loop library pop-up menu: Choose the loops you want to show in the loop browser from the pop-up menu.


Column View and Podcast Sounds View

In column view, the loop browser features columns for keyword type, categories, and keywords. Click a keyword type to show categories for that type, click a category to show keywords, then click a keyword to show matching loops in the results list. Clicking multiple keywords expands the results to those loops matching any of the selected keywords. In podcast sounds view, the loop browser shows a different set of columns, featuring sound effects, jingles, and other loops suitable for podcasts. You work with the columns in podcast sounds view the same way you do in columns view.

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A Keyword type column: Click a keyword type to show the categories for that keyword type in the middle column.

B Category column: Click a category to show keywords for that category in the right column.

C Keyword column: Click a keyword to show matching loops in the results list. You can click multiple keywords to expand your results.

D View buttons: Click one of the buttons to change the view between column, button, or podcast sounds view.

E Scale pop-up menu: Choose a scale type to see only loops using that scale.

F Search field: Type text in the field to see loops with the text in their file name or path.

G Preview volume slider: Drag the slider to adjust the volume of the loop being previewed.

H Results list: Shows the loops that match the selected keywords. Also displays the tempo, key, and number of beats for each loop. Click a loop in the results list to preview it. Click the Favs checkbox for a loop to add it to your favorites.



Track Info Pane

The Track Info pane shows the current instrument, effects, and input settings for the selected track, or the master effects settings for the master track. You can change these settings in the Track Info pane.

Real and Software Instrument Tracks

Some controls in the Track Info pane are different for Real Instrument tracks than for Software Instrument tracks (as noted below).

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A Instrument category list: Click an instrument category to see the instruments for that category in the instrument list on the right.

B Instrument library pop-up menu: Choose which instruments you want to see in the category and instrument lists from the pop-up menu.

C Instrument list: Click an instrument from the list.

D Instrument icon pop-up menu: Click to choose a new instrument icon from the icon menu that appears. Icons make it easy to distinguish tracks that use similar instruments.

E Details triangle: Click to show the instrument and effects settings.

F Effect checkboxes, sliders, and pop-up menus: Click an effect checkbox to turn the effect on or off. Drag the sliders to adjust the level of the effects, or choose an item from the pop-up menus.

The Track Info pane includes the following effects for Real and Software Instruments: Noise gate slider (Real Instrument tracks only): Drag the slider to adjust the amount of gating.

Generator and generator preset pop-up menus (Software Instrument tracks only): Choose an instrument generator, and generator preset, from the menus.

Compression slider: Drag the slider to adjust the amount of compression.

Equalizer pop-up menu: Choose an EQ setting from the pop-up menu.

Effect and effect setting pop-up menus: Click a checkbox to turn additional effects on or off. Choose an effect from a pop-up menu on the left, then choose an effect preset from the popup menu on the right.

Echo slider: Drag the slider to adjust the amount of echo.

Reverb slider: Drag the slider to adjust the amount of reverb.

G Input channel pop-up menu and buttons (Real Instrument tracks only): Choose the input channel or channels for the instrument from the Input pop-up menu. Drag the Volume slider to set the input volume for the selected channel. Turn monitoring on or off using the Monitor popup menu.

H Effect edit buttons: Click to show an effect’s preset window, where you can edit the effect preset.

I Save Instrument and Delete Instrument buttons: Click the Save Instrument button to save an instrument. Click the Delete Instrument button to delete a saved instrument.


Master Track

The Track Info pane for the master track shows the global project settings and effects settings for the overall project. Global project settings include tempo, time signature, and key. Global effects settings include master echo, reverb, equalizer, and compressor.

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The Echo and Reverb sliders for each track control the amount of echo and reverb sent from that track to the master echo and reverb effects. In the Track Info pane for the master track, you can change the master echo and reverb effects.

A Master effects category list: Click a category to see the effects for that category in the master effects list on the right. B Master effects pop-up menu: Choose which master effects you want to see in the category and effects lists from the pop-up menu.

C Master effects list: Click a set of master effects from the list. D Tempo slider and field: Drag the slider to change the project’s tempo, or type a new tempo in the field.

E Time pop-up menu and field: Choose a time signature from the pop-up menu.

F Key pop-up menu: Choose a key from the pop-up menu.

G Details triangle: Click to show the global effects settings.

H Effect checkboxes, pop-up menus, and slider: Click an effect checkbox to turn the effect on or off. Choose an item from the pop-up menus, or drag the slider, to adjust an effect. The Track Info pane includes the following effects for the master track:

-Echo pop-up menu: Choose a global echo preset.

-Reverb pop-up menu: Choose a global reverb preset.

-Effect and effect setting pop-up menus: Click a checkbox to turn an additional effect on or off. Choose an effect from a pop-up menu on the left, then choose an effect preset from the pop-up menu on the right.

-Equalizer pop-up menu: Choose a global equalizer setting from the pop-up menu.

-Compression slider: Drag the slider to adjust the amount of global compression.

-Ducking Amount slider: When ducking is enabled, drag the slider to adjust the amount of ducking applied to backing tracks.

I Effect edit buttons: Click to show an effect’s preset window, where you can edit the effect preset.

J Save Master and Delete Master buttons: Click the Save Master button to save a set of master effects. Click the Delete Master button to delete a saved set of master effects


Media Browser

The Media Browser lets you find and add songs from your iTunes library, photos from your iPhoto library, iMovie projects, and other video files.

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A Audio, Photos, and Movies buttons: Click the button for the type of media files you want to work with.

B Source list: Navigate to the folder containing the files you want to use. You can also add folders by dragging them from the Finder.

C Media list: View, preview, and select media files to add to your project.

D Play button: Click to preview the selected audio or video file. (not shown–only visible when viewing audio files or movies).

E Search field: Type text to search for files with matching names


( All information courtesy of GarageBand 3 Apple Inc. 2006)